What is a hernia?
A hernia occurs when an internal organ in the human body protrudes through the surrounding muscle or connective tissue. Most hernias occur in the abdominal region, between the chest and the hips. For patients with hernias that do not cause symptoms, some doctors usually recommend no treatment except to watch and wait. However, this can prove risky for certain types of hernia. However, other doctors prefer to prescribe surgery for a hernia rather than risk an emergency procedure being done.
The most common hernias reported are:
A) Inguinal hernia (inner groin)
B) Umbilical hernia (belly button)
C) Femoral hernia (outer groin)
D) Hiatal hernia (upper stomach).
Other forms of hernia, although rare, include:
a) Incisional hernia (resulting from an incision)
b) Epigastric hernia (between navel and sternum)
c) Diaphragmatic hernia (through the diaphragm)
d) Spigelian hernia (below the navel).
Inguinal and femoral hernias make up 75-80% of all hernia occurrences, followed by umbilical hernias, which occur mostly in newborns, at an occurrence rate of 3-10%. They are followed by incisional hernias, which may result as a complication from a surgical procedure, at an occurrence rate of 2% to 3%. Inguinal hernias affect men more than women, while femoral hernias tend to affect older women more.
What causes a hernia?
Hernias are mostly caused by a combination of pressure and weakening of the muscles or connective tissue surrounding an internal organ. This results in a tear and allows the organ to move away from its original place and protrude through the tear in the muscle/tissue. The muscle/tissue weakness that leads to a hernia can be present from birth, or more often, may develop later in life. Pressure and weakness being the major contributing factors, hernias are caused by factors such as:
– Lifting heavy objects without adequately bracing the body
– Persistent coughing that puts immense pressure on the chest cavity
– Chronic constipation problems or diarrhoea
– Being overweight
– Delivering a baby.
Why does a hernia need to be treated?
A hernia is not just inconvenient but can also cause immense pain while engaging in basic activities like laughing, coughing, crying, and emptying your bowels. Signs a hernia is worsening include:
· Swelling of the bulge in the groin, or the area in which a hernia exists
· Increased pain at the site of the hernia
· A heavy feeling in the abdomen
· Bloody stool
Hernias do not go away on their own. If you think you have a hernia, seek medical help immediately. An undiagnosed or untreated hernia can grow larger and cause more pain as it grows. This can lead to potentially dangerous complications and even emergency surgery. Hernias can get stuck in the abdomen, resulting in a condition called strangulated hernia, which can fatally cut off blood flow.
Best treatment for hernia surgery in Bangalore
Hernias can be easily treated through surgical intervention. In fact, hernia surgery is one of the most commonly performed gastrointestinal surgeries. At Smiles Gastroenterology, Dr Parameshwara is one of the best doctors for hernia surgery in Bangalore. Depending on the severity of your hernia, Dr Parameshwara will prescribe minimally invasive techniques like a laparoscopy, which is meant to accelerate your recovery.
If you are looking for the perfect gastrointestinal surgeon to walk you through your hernia surgery, reach out to Dr Parameshwara at Smiles Gastroenterology, India’s leading single-speciality hospital with the best clinical outcomes, today!