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Endoscopic Surgeries

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Introduction

Endoscopy Surgery is a procedure that allows healthcare professionals to make small incisions to check for problems in the body. In an endoscopy surgery, a long thin tube is inserted directly into the body to observe the internal organs or tissues in detail. Additionally, an endoscopy procedure is also used to carry out other minor surgery or imaging procedures.

Description

In Endoscopic Surgery, the healthcare professional or the surgeon will insert an endoscope through your mouth or will make a small opening. An endoscope is a flexible tube and a camera that helps the doctor see the internal organs and vessels of the body. Endoscopy is useful for investigating many systems in a human body that includes:

  • ● Gastrointestinal tract
  • ● Ear
  • ● Respiratory tract
  • ● Female reproductive tract
  • ● Urinary tract
  • ● Pelvic cavity through a small incision

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What are the Causes of Endoscopic Surgeries?

Endoscopic Surgery is usually performed to identify the causes such as:

  • ● To determine the exact cause of abnormal symptoms
  • ● To remove a sample tissue (small in size), also known as biopsy, which then sent to a lab for further testing
  • ● Helps the healthcare professional to see inside the body while performing procedures such as removal of gallstones, repair stomach ulcer, or tumours

What are the Symptoms of Endoscopic Surgeries?

The healthcare professional may request an endoscopy procedure if they observe symptoms of any of the following conditions:

  • ● Stomach Ulcer
  • ● Pancreatitis
  • ● Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • ● Bleeding in the digestive tract (unexplained)
  • ● Infections
  • ● Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • ● Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • ● Digestive tract issues
  • ● Chronic constipation
  • ● Gallstones
  • ● Tumours
  • ● Blockage of oesophagus
  • ● Hiatal hernia
  • ● Blood through urine

How is Endoscopic Surgeries Diagnosed?

Endoscopic Surgery is performed for the diagnosis of various reasons such as:

  • ● Investigate digestive symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, and difficulty in swallowing.
  • ● Collect small tissue samples to diagnose bleeding, anaemia, inflammation, cancer, and others.
  • ● The healthcare professional can pass special tools through an endoscope to treat problems in the digestive system.
  • ● Endoscopy is also combined with other procedures sometimes, such as ultrasound.

How is Diarrhea Treated?

Endoscopic Surgeries are usually performed for the treatment of the following health conditions:

  • ● Inflammation of the pancreas (Pancreatitis)
  • ● Tumour of the pancreas
  • ● Tumour of bile ducts
  • ● Tumour of gall bladder
  • ● Tumour of liver
  • ● Blockage of the bile duct
  • ● Cysts
  • ● Gastric outlet obstruction
  • ● And many others

What Are the Results Associated with Endoscopic Surgeries?

The results of Endoscopic Surgery or procedure would depend on the situation. For instance, if endoscopic surgery is performed to diagnose an ulcer, the results would be known immediately after the procedure. However, on the other hand, if the healthcare professional has collected the tissue sample, i.e. biopsy is performed, the results may take time, and you will have to wait for a few days. Thus, you should ask the healthcare professional that when can you expect the results of your endoscopy.

What Are the Results Associated with Endoscopic Surgeries?

Endoscopic Surgeries have a lower risk of infection and bleeding compared to open surgeries. However, as it is a medical procedure, it does have a risk of disease, bleeding, and other rare risks such as:

  • ● Damage to organs
  • ● Chest pain
  • ● Fever
  • ● Shortness of breath
  • ● Difficulty in swallowing
  • ● Vomiting
  • ● Redness at the incision site
  • ● Swelling at the incision site
  • ● Persistent pain in the area of endoscopy

The risk associated with the endoscopic procedures would depend on the location of the procedure and the patient’s health condition.

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FAQ's

What are the Different Types of Endoscopies?

Arthroscopy, bronchoscopy, colonoscopy, cystoscopy, enteroscopy, hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, laryngoscopy, mediastinoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, thoracoscopy, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and ureteroscopy.

What are the Latest Technologies Used in Endoscopic Surgeries?

There are continuous technological advancements taking place in the field of endoscopy. Some of the examples of technologically advanced endoscopes are as follows:

  • ● Capsule endoscopy
  • ● Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • ● Chromoendoscopy
  • ● Endoscopic ultrasound
  • ● Endoscopic mucosal resection
  • ● Narrowband imaging

After an Endoscopic Surgery, When Should you Immediately Seek Medical Attention?

An immediate medical attention is required if you witness any of the following after an Endoscopic Surgery:

  • ● Symptoms are worse than before the test performed
  • ● Difficulty in swallowing
  • ● Vomiting
  • ● Dizziness
  • ● Blood in your stool
  • ● Unable to eat or drink
  • ● Urinating less than usual
  • ● Sharp pain in the abdomen

What are the Benefits of Endoscopic Surgery?

Some of the benefits of Endoscopic Surgery are: small incisions, less pain, low risk of infection, short hospital stay, less scarring, quick recovery time, and reduced blood loss.

What all do Clear Liquids Include?

You are advised to take clear liquids up to six hours before the procedure. Some clear liquids include: water, coffee without cream, apple juice, clear soda, and broth.

What Should you do Before an Endoscopy?

Before going for an Endoscopy, you should discuss your medical history and medications with your healthcare professional. It is advised that you must stop your regular medications for blood thinners, blood pressure, diabetes, and others before the endoscopy. Also, you should avoid intake of any solid food for 6-8 hours prior to your endoscopy surgery.

Is an Endoscopy Procedure Painful?

An Endoscopy procedure is not at all painful. The healthcare professional would give anaesthesia intravenously or topically not to let you feel anything during the procedure.

How Long Does it take For an Endoscopic Surgery Recovery?

Endoscopic Surgeries are outpatient surgeries. Thus, you are not admitted for getting the surgery done. The recovery would depend on the patient and their health condition. However, it is advised if you witness abnormal pain and visit the healthcare professional as suggested.

What Should be Done Before an Endoscopic Surgery?

The healthcare professional would guide what you should do before the surgery. As your body needs to be ready for the endoscopy, the doctor would let you know what you should eat and what you should not eat. Also, the professionals would tell you about what you should stop eating.

Is There a Chance of Moving to Open Surgery During an Endoscopy Surgery?

Not all surgeries would require this. There are rare chances that your doctor will have to switch to open surgery. Thus, you should discuss this with your doctor to understand it in detail.

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