What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids popularly known as Piles are the swollen and inflamed blood vessels in the anus and the lower rectum. These Hemorrhoids are classified into two different categories which include internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. The internal hemorrhoids are those that lie under the lining of the lower rectum while external hemorrhoids are those that found beneath the skin that surrounds the anus.
Straining while defecating may sometimes push the internal hemorrhoids outside the anus resulting in prolapsed hemorrhoids that may cause painless bleeding and discomfort. External hemorrhoids when irritated may cause itching, symptomatic that they contain a blood clot (thrombosed hemorrhoids) that leads to severe pain and bleeding.
Are you suffering from hemorrhoids? Don’t worry. Most hemorrhoidal flare-ups can be treated at home by eating a high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of water and maintaining good hygiene. Sometimes you may also need stool softeners and over the counter medications to reduce strain during bowel movements. If these home treatments for piles have not worked, then hemorrhoid surgery may be an option says Dr. Parameshwara C M, one of the best coloproctologists in India.
What is Hemorrhoid surgery?
Surgery for hemorrhoids removes your swollen blood vessels inside and around the anus and the rectum. This process involves the assistance of a colorectal surgeon, usually to physically remove the offending hemorrhoids. However, surgery for hemorrhoids is almost done under anesthesia and is needed for only patients with chronic hemorrhoids.
There are different surgical procedures available for treating hemorrhoids and these surgeries aim at restricting blood supply and remove hemorrhoids says the experts of coloproctology at SMILES.
What are the different types of surgeries to remove hemorrhoids?
The surgical treatment of hemorrhoids depends upon the severity and the patient’s choice. The best colorectal surgeons at SMILES outlined six different surgeries to remove hemorrhoids that you must know about.
1. Rubber Band Ligation
This is a procedure used for treating bleeding or prolapsed hemorrhoids. A surgeon will place a rubber band at the base of hemorrhoids. This will restrict its blood supply to the prolapsed hemorrhoids, eventually causing hemorrhoids to fall off in about a week.
Sclerotherapy is one of the most common methods used to treat internal hemorrhoids. This procedure involves the surgeon injecting a solution into the tissue which leads to the formation of scar tissue. The scar tissue restricts the blood supply which causes hemorrhoids to heal.
A hemorrhoidectomy is the most effective surgical treatment to remove internal or external hemorrhoids that are severe. Small incisions or cuts are made in the tissue around hemorrhoid and the swollen vein inside the hemorrhoid is tied to prevent bleeding and then the hemorrhoid is removed. Hemorrhoidectomy surgery can be done using a scalpel, cautery pencil or a laser. Patients will be given general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia during the surgery and are most likely to go home on the same day.
4. Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy
This is a surgical procedure used to treat prolapsed hemorrhoids that are abnormally enlarged. Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is also a procedure that should be performed when the patient is given local anesthesia. During the surgery, a surgeon uses a surgical device to staple the prolapsed hemorrhoids back into its place inside the rectum and cut off its blood supply to hemorrhoids that cause them to shrink.
5. Coagulation Therapy
Coagulation therapy (also called infrared coagulation) is a medical procedure used to treat small and medium-sized hemorrhoids. This infrared coagulation therapy is only for treating internal hemorrhoids. During the procedure, the surgeon uses a device that creates an intense beam of infrared light that produces scar tissue on hemorrhoids. This scar tissue cuts off the blood supply to the hemorrhoids which cause them to fall off.
6. Laser Surgery
Laser treatment for piles is the most effective and advanced procedure. It is a daycare procedure that offers various advantages when compared to the other methods. Laser surgery will also be performed under general anesthesia. This laser technique is safer, less painful and less invasive, no tissues need to be cut. The affected area is simply treated with laser energy in an exact and focused manner and the piles’ problem is solved in less than an hour. The best piles treatment doctors suggest that patients can resume their normal lives immediately after laser surgery.
All the above types of hemorrhoid surgery involve safe procedures that can also treat prolapsed and thrombosed hemorrhoids effectively.
If you notice the symptoms become severe, consult Dr. Parameshwara C M, the best coloproctologist in Bangalore to discuss the treatment that suits you and avoid further complications.